Farmed Salmonids


The aquaculture sector has initiated the development of Canada’s first Code of Practice for farmed salmonids (salmon, trout, charr). 


Start: November 2018
Public comment period: November 2, 2020 – January 7, 2021 
Projected completion: Fall 2021
Code development timeline



Code Development Committee members

Participants are defined as per NFACC’s Guiding Principles for Codes of Practice. 


Committee Member


Code Manager

Caroline Ramsay


Code Manager Support

Kate Cooper



Barry Milligan (Chair)

Canadian Aquaculture Industry Alliance


Wendy Vandersteen 

Canadian Aquaculture Industry Alliance


Arlen Taylor

Canadian Aquaculture Industry Alliance


Amanda Borchardt 

Canadian Aquaculture Industry Alliance


Several producer representatives with knowledge and expertise will serve in this capacity 


Chris Harvey-Clark 

Canadian Veterinary Medical Association

National animal welfare association

Leigh Gaffney

World Animal Protection Canada

Provincial animal protection enforcement authority

Carolyn Sanford 

Prince Edward Island Department of Agriculture and Fisheries

Provincial government representative with responsibilities in animal welfare

Myron Roth

British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture

Retail and food service organization

Alexandra Leclerc 

Retail Council of Canada


Several producer representatives with knowledge and expertise will serve in this capacity

Federal government   

Kim Klotins

Canadian Food Inspection Agency


Victoria Pedersen 

Canadian Food Inspection Agency


Richard Moccia

Co-Chairs of the Scientific Committee


David Scarfe


Technical Expert

Roland Cusack


Scientific Committee members 


Named by

Jim Duston

Canadian Society of Animal Science (CSAS)

Richard Moccia (Co-Chair)

International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) (Canadian chapter) 

Don Stevens

Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA)

David Scarfe (Co-Chair)

Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA)

Michelle Lavery

Scientific Committee, as additional needed animal welfare expertise. Additionally served as the Research Writer.

Priority welfare issues for the Scientific Committee report  

The Code Development Committee and Scientific Committee collectively identified the following list of priority welfare issues. The Scientific Committee is developing a report synthesizing the results of research relating to these animal welfare issues.

  • Current understanding, definitions or roles of consciousness, sentience,and feelings-based perspectives, learning, behaviour, nociception, neurophysiology, philosophy, morals/ethics, public perceptions and the “Precautionary Principle” on farmed salmonids welfare
  • Welfare measures/indicators in fish (acute and chronic stress/distress and those associated with injury and disease) 
  • Impact of sea lice on fish welfare and welfare concerns associated with treatments
  • Fasting/feed withdrawal 
  • Welfare appropriate stocking rates/density and management in relation to associated factors (e.g. temperature, water quality, fish behaviour)
  • New and emerging water quality issues in recirculating aquaculture systems affecting fish welfare
  • Impact of lighting and photoperiods (including quality) on fish welfare
  • Welfare concerns associated with hormonal and diurnal induced spawning, and creating non-reproductive fish (triploids, monosex)
  • Genetic improvement strategies (including natural selection and genetic engineering)
  • Welfare implications of using ice slurry for slaughter

« Back